Frequent Terms Defined
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to describe their products. The phrases are usually not at all times constant and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Green Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A typical spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 40s cotton, or 40/1. The upper number means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have higher drape than t-shirts manufactured from 20s. The phrases are used many ways, however it is the quantity that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the same. Threads can be twisted together into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads have been twisted together, it would be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Although rayon is a man-made synthetic materials, most specialists agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extraordinarily gentle and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Quick growing plant, classified as a grass, which may be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothing.
Bleach Wash: A process that uses bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really vast neckline that runs across the collarbone area to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the wide neck enabled fast elimination if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s style answer to the spouse beater. A women’s tank top, although it may be any colour.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to remove excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very gentle, easy end.
Burn-Out: A course of that uses sulfuric acid or other sturdy acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, normally a polyester/cotton mix. The method offers a see-by, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Normally refers to shorter sleeves on girls’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” gas because of its relationship with international warming. Just a few t-shirt manufacturers are actually measuring and recording the CO2 emissions involved in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Belief: Impartial group founded in 2001 in Great Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with companies to assist scale back their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and products as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A few t-shirt corporations now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing process that eliminates quick fibers and removes dirt and foreign matter. Carding may be completed by hand or by giant machines using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton is not as fascinating as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: Another identify for enzyme wash. This provides fabric a soft really feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is finished.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of certain plants. Useful in making certain types of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, using 18/1 thread, often knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used usually as low-cost promotional give-aways.
Climate Impartial: A time period used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero influence on the Earth’s climate. A few t-shirt manufacturers promote their firm as climate impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often called a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with international warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings with out dropping its shade.
Combed Cotton: A technique to remove quick fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a clean, nice cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, wonderful uniformity, and higher hand. Combed cotton prices extra and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A process that compacts the area between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to reduce shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a special color than the garment. Gives a pleasant design detail in t-shirts.
Control Union: A global group that offers certification services for a variety of programs–including many natural certification applications. Certifies USDA Natural, as well as GOTS (International Organic Textile Standard).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a extra textured but uniform back. Average weight per yard is about 5.5 to 6 ounces. Primary t-shirts are manufactured from cotton jersey. Positive cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that’s the most popular on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are normally ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties comparable to Pima and Egyptian, which feature fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are extra extremely valued than atypical varieties.
Crew Neck: A round close-fitting neckline. Commonest neck on t-shirts.
Crop Prime: A shirt with a short body to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used mostly on sleeve/bottom hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. This kind of stitching offers sturdiness and a cleaner, more finished look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has wonderful drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts that have good drape qualities feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that options an extended again than front.
Eco-Pleasant: Extraordinarily loose term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Virtually ineffective in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period utilized by inexperienced washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long size of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to help people who endure most from environmental abuses resembling pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially energetic in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash process utilizing special enzymes to supply a tender finish and clean look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is physically much less harsh on the fabric in comparison with stone washing.
European Cut: A method of t-shirt that is narrower than what one normally finds. For example, a full reduce males’s t-shirt, size large, normally runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A men’s giant European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, generally extra.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being lower and sewn right into a completed piece of clothes.
Fair Labor Association: A nonprofit group dedicated to ending sweatshop conditions in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, particularly essential in the apparel enterprise where working situations have traditionally been so poor.
Truthful Put on Foundation: A global group dedicated to enhancing garment employees’ lives everywhere in the world. Works with corporations that produce clothes and other sewn products and that take accountability for his or her provide chain.
Wonderful Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very slightly stretchy fabric with a easy flat face and a extra textured but uniform again. Fantastic cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with nice cotton jersey have a greater drape and feel than regular t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about four.3 ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Cut: Definitions vary, but typically a fitted reduce refers to a reduce that flatters the body. Used usually in ladies’s t-shirts, the middle part of the shirt shall be tighter than the top or backside. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a primary full cut.
Full Cut: A generous, roomy reduce. In t-shirts, tubular styles are generally thought-about full-reduce, but there are exceptions. Full Minimize differs from stone island t shirt replica the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been cut and sewn into a finished article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A course of the place finished articles of clothing are washed, often with added softeners to enhance the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the nineties when shoppers became worried about genetically modified meals. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on every part from food to pure fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for International Natural Textile Commonplace. A undertaking of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed standards to make sure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, so as to provide a credible assurance to the end consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS certified.
Inexperienced: Generic time period used by marketing gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favorite time period of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon without any real dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the time period “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Firms that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw extra enterprise, but have not taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way a fabric feels to the contact. A fabric that feels mushy and smooth is taken into account to have a very good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for 1000’s of years, mostly as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothes, and now it’s used in lots of clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its power and sturdiness.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (sometimes up to 5 buttons are used, however that’s unusual). A Henley can be both brief or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A way of stone washing where the stones are first soaked in a solution of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that may be very mushy and has a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, but much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very advantageous garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It is mild weight, and has effective vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Advantageous cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with wonderful cotton threads such as 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric were made. There are numerous types of knits. Jersey Knit is often found in t-shirts and is probably the most durable of knits. It is light weight, and has effective vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very nice fabrics. T-shirt collars are often rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless style t-shirt, however not precisely a tank prime. Basic t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is much wider than an abnormal tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam working throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch. Sometimes called “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek a hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures shoppers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no risk to their health. Below the Oeko-Tex commonplace, clothes should be freed from formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Organic Apparel: A term very loosely applied within the garment industry. It will probably mean anything from a hundred% natural to as little as 6% natural. Often mixed with phrases like Eco-Friendly, Green, and so on. Customers must verify the labels and confirm the materials used to see if one thing is really organic or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown with out the usage of pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it really is natural.
Organic Soil Association: Founded in 1946 by a gaggle of farmers, scientists and nutritionists concerned about the relationship between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental health. The Organic Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural standards in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these standards.
Overdyed: A process where beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an additional coloration to create a novel look.
Performance T: Name for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and out of doors lovers. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor control capabilities. Many performance Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or will also be 100% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, because of their absorbency and wicking properties, have turn out to be often known as performance t-shirts, although they do not dry as fast as efficiency t-shirts fabricated from one hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Prepared For Dyeing. Sold this option to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their very own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A type of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed within the U.S. in the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It options longer fibers and is used often in fine men’s and ladies’s shirts. The identify Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the first crops of the new cotton as it was first grown within the U.S.
Pique: A method of knitting that creates a waffle-sort, nice textured floor. Used typically in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from artificial polymers. Used broadly in apparel, especially combined with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the means of pre-shrinking fabric earlier than it’s reduce and sewn. Often it refers to an actual completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothing that has been preshrunk shrinks much less as soon as the purchaser washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will still shrink a bit, nevertheless, particularly if dried using a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Model of t-shirt that includes sleeves that run directly to the collar. Normally the sleeves are a contrasting shade from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider beneath the arms, and are most well-liked by wearers who want maximum freedom of motion. Baseball t-shirts often feature a raglan sleeve model.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its main ingredient. Rayon is very mushy, has wonderful drape, and is very absorbent. Initially developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs operating down the fabric. Rib knits are often categorised as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you realize the width of the rib compared to the house between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the area between every rib is identical width as the ribs. But a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as huge as the spaces in between. Rib knit could be very stretchy and is usually used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning ends in a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the contact.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with coloured sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in numerous colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to using sand whereas washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another term for silicone washed, which produces a really easy and comfortable end to fabric, and in addition offers the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Extensive, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very mild weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. A bit stretchier than nice jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A thin strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the amount it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, however 4-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be expected.
Side Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at every facet underneath the arm sleeves to the bottom hem. Facet seamed t-shirts are dearer to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very easy and mushy end to fabric, and also gives the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other term for a men’s tank prime.
Slim Cut: A mode of t-shirt that’s narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full reduce males’s t-shirt, size massive, often runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A slim minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes extra.
Stonewashed: A washing process that makes use of lava rocks or generally silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and gives it an aged or distressed look. Typically bleach is used on this process.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The name got here from the early term for swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not precise “tape,” however a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck area of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks higher than an uncovered stitch.
Tubular Type:A mode that has no facet seams; the physique of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are cheaper to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No customary definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, however generally talking a unisex t-shirt is made from lighter weight, fantastic cotton jersey, side seamed, and not minimize as full as an everyday males’s t-shirt. The sleeves are usually not further short, like cap sleeves, but should not full elbow lengths both. The body size is often medium/lengthy. However, there are broad variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that turned independent in 1991 and is infamous for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which include forced youngster labor and environmentally destructive practices. Moral apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; nevertheless, many firms do not care and have refused to join in the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is low cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle type of neckline. Might be deep or shallow, depending on the style. Usually favored by girls, however a shallow model v-neck is fashionable amongst men.
Viscose: Typically one other name for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Normally expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Effective jersey cotton fabrics usually have lighter weights, while coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a males’s tank high t-shirt. Often refers to a basic white tank prime.