Common Terms Explained
T-shirt manufacturers use many phrases to explain their merchandise. The phrases will not be always consistent and it helps to have a reference information.
The next is the official Green Man T-Shirts Information to understanding t-shirt phrases:
20s, 20/1, 20s single: Unit of measurement that defines the fineness of cotton thread. A typical spool of single-ply cotton thread is comprised of 840 yards of cotton thread. If it takes 20 spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is referred to as 20s cotton, or 20/1. If 30 spools weigh one pound, then the thread on these spools is known as 30s cotton thread, or 30/1. If it takes forty spools to weigh one pound, then the thread on those spools is known as 40s cotton, or forty/1. The higher quantity means a finer thread, and thus a finer, softer fabric is created. T-shirts product of 30s and 40s are softer, finer, and have better drape than t-shirts made of 20s. The phrases are used some ways, but it is the number that counts; “20s,” “20/1,” and “20 singles” are the identical. Threads can be twisted collectively into thicker strands. If two 20/1 cotton threads were twisted together, it could be known as 20/2.
Bamboo Fabric: Rayon made from bamboo cellulose. Though rayon is a man-made artificial materials, most experts agree it is readily biodegradable. Bamboo fabric is extraordinarily comfortable and has wonderful drape.
Bamboo: Quick growing plant, labeled as a grass, which could be readily processed into rayon to make bamboo rayon clothes.
Bleach Wash: A course of that makes use of bleach to soften and distress the look of the fabric being washed.
Boat Neck: A really large neckline that runs across the collarbone space to the shoulder factors. Derives from early sailors’ shirts, where the extensive neck enabled fast removing if the sailor fell overboard.
Boy Beater: Ladies’s trend reply to the wife beater. A women’s tank prime, although it may be any color.
Brushed Cotton: A technique to take away excess lint and fibers from cotton fabric. Brushed cotton usually has a very delicate, smooth end.
Burn-Out: A course of that makes use of sulfuric acid or different strong acid to “burn-out” components of a fabric knit, often a polyester/cotton blend. The method offers a see-by means of, very sheer effect.
Cap Sleeves: Usually refers to shorter sleeves on ladies’s garments.
Carbon Dioxide: CO2. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Known as a “greenhouse” gasoline because of its relationship with global warming. A few t-shirt manufacturers at the moment are measuring and recording the CO2 emissions concerned in manufacturing their shirts.
Carbon Trust: Unbiased group based in 2001 in Nice Britain that screens carbon emissions. The Carbon Trust works with firms to assist reduce their carbon footprint, and now certifies firms and merchandise as having a “low carbon” or “no carbon” footprint. A couple of t-shirt firms now manufacture “low carbon footprint” t-shirts.
Carding: A fiber cleansing course of that eliminates short fibers and removes dirt and international matter. Carding might be finished by hand or by massive machines using drum rollers. Carded-only cotton shouldn’t be as desirable as combed cotton.
Cellulase Wash: One other identify for enzyme wash. This gives fabric a delicate really feel and a vintage look, relying on how the wash is completed.
Cellulose: Derived from the cell partitions of sure plants. Useful in making sure forms of fabrics, together with acetate, triacetate, and rayon. Bamboo fabric is definitely rayon made from bamboo cellulose.
Low-cost Cotton T-Shirt: T-shirts made with carded cotton, utilizing 18/1 thread, usually knitted on 20 gauge machines. These t-shirts are coarse, tough, and have poor drapability. Used often as cheap promotional give-aways.
Climate Impartial: A term used to explain an organization, course of, or product that has zero affect on the Earth’s climate. A number of t-shirt manufacturers promote their company as local weather impartial.
CO2: Carbon dioxide. A chemical compound composed of two oxygen atoms and one carbon atom. Often known as a “greenhouse” gasoline due to its relationship with international warming.
Colorfastness: The power of a garment to withstand multiple washings with out losing its color.
Combed Cotton: A way to remove quick fibers and to arrange longer fibers parallel to create a easy, superb cotton yarn. Combed cotton has high power, excellent uniformity, and better hand. Combed cotton costs more and is used in finer t-shirts.
Compacting: A course of that compacts the space between cotton fiber pockets. Helps to cut back shrinking.
Contrasting Stitching: Stitching with a unique colour than the garment. Provides a nice design detail in t-shirts.
Management Union: A global organization that provides certification providers for quite a lot of packages–together with many organic certification packages. Certifies USDA Natural, in addition to GOTS (World Organic Textile Normal).
Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Common weight per yard is about 5.5 to six ounces. Fundamental t-shirts are fabricated from cotton jersey. Advantageous cotton jersey is usually smoother and has a lighter weight per yard.
Cotton: A pure fiber that is the preferred on the planet for fabrics. Cotton fibers are usually ½ to 2 inches long. Longer fibers produce finer cotton fabric. Varieties resembling Pima and Egyptian, which function fibers exceeding 1.5 inches, are more extremely stone island outlet uk valued than abnormal varieties.
Crew Neck: A spherical close-fitting neckline. Most common neck on t-shirts.
Crop Prime: A shirt with a short physique to it; made to expose the midriff space.
Double-Needle Stitched: Used totally on sleeve/backside hems and refers to a parallel row of stitching. One of these stitching gives sturdiness and a cleaner, extra completed look.
Drape, Drapability: Refers to how a fabric hangs. A fabric like bamboo rayon has glorious drape, whereas a coarse fabric like burlap has little or no. T-shirts which have good drape qualities really feel nicer to wear.
Drop Tail: A garment that options an extended again than entrance.
Eco-Friendly: Extraordinarily free term that refers to a product’s “greenness.” Almost useless in realistically assessing a product. Favourite time period used by green washers.
Egyptian Cotton: Cotton produced in Egypt and valued for its long length of fiber. Apparel made with true Egyptian cotton is prized for its softness and fineness.
Environmental Justice Basis: A registered charity established in 2000 to assist individuals who suffer most from environmental abuses equivalent to pesticide poisoning, water depletion, and soil destruction. Especially lively in curbing abuses in cotton farming.
Enzyme Washed: A wash course of utilizing particular enzymes to produce a delicate end and smooth look to a fabric. Ages dyes to create a particular look to dyed fabrics. Enzyme washing is bodily less harsh on the fabric compared to stone washing.
European Minimize: A style of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full lower men’s t-shirt, dimension large, usually runs 22 inches throughout the chest (measured one inch beneath the sleeve). A males’s massive European minimize will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, typically more.
Fabric Dyed: Fabric dyed earlier than being reduce and sewn right into a finished piece of clothing.
Truthful Labor Affiliation: A nonprofit organization devoted to ending sweatshop circumstances in factories worldwide. Works to develop Code of Labor Practices, especially necessary within the apparel business where working circumstances have traditionally been so poor.
Honest Wear Basis: A world group dedicated to enhancing garment workers’ lives all around the world. Works with companies that produce clothing and different sewn products and that take responsibility for their provide chain.
Wonderful Cotton Jersey: Knitted, very barely stretchy fabric with a smooth flat face and a extra textured however uniform again. Nice cotton jersey is often smoother and has a lighter weight per yard than common cotton jersey. T-shirts made with nice cotton jersey have a greater drape and feel than common t-shirts. Normally made with 30s and better cotton thread, and weighs about four.Three ounces per sq. yard.
Fitted Cut: Definitions vary, however generally a fitted minimize refers to a reduce that flatters the body. Used typically in women’s t-shirts, the middle section of the shirt can be tighter than the highest or backside. Overall, the shirts run narrower than a basic full cut.
Full Cut: A generous, roomy reduce. In t-shirts, tubular styles are typically thought of full-minimize, but there are exceptions. Full Cut differs from the slimmer European Cuts, Slim Cuts, and Fitted Cuts.
Garment Dyed: Clothing dyed after it has been minimize and sewn right into a finished article of clothing.
Garment Washed: A course of the place completed articles of clothes are washed, normally with added softeners to enhance the feel and look of the fabric.
GMO Free: GMO stands for Genetically Modified Organisms. First used within the 1990s when consumers turned frightened about genetically modified meals. Many firms now apply the GMO free label on every part from food to natural fabrics, like cotton.
GOTS: Stands for World Natural Textile Commonplace. A undertaking of the Worldwide Working Group. They’ve developed requirements to make sure natural standing of textiles, from the harvesting, manufacturing, and labeling, so as to provide a credible assurance to the tip consumer. An natural t-shirt that meets the requirements could be GOTS certified.
Inexperienced: Generic time period used by advertising gurus to advertise merchandise. One other favourite term of “inexperienced-washers,” who are hopping on the environmental bandwagon with none real dedication.
Inexperienced-Washing: Take off on the term “white-washing,” but in an environmental context. Companies that green-wash are paying lip-service to environmental considerations to draw extra enterprise, however haven’t taken any actual steps to be environmentally accountable.
Hand: The way a fabric feels to the contact. A fabric that feels tender and smooth is taken into account to have a very good hand.
Hemp Fabric: Hemp, or Cannabis sativa, has been used for fabric for 1000’s of years, largely as an industrial fabric. Newer processing methods have made it suitable for finer clothes, and now it’s used in lots of clothes articles, together with t-shirts. Hemp is valued for its energy and durability.
Henley T-Shirt: Similar to a collarless polo shirt, a Henley is a pullover t-shirt that includes 2 or three buttons (sometimes up to 5 buttons are used, but that is uncommon). A Henley may be both brief or lengthy sleeved.
Ice Wash: A method of stone washing the place the stones are first soaked in an answer of potassium permanganate. This methodology produces a frosted look to fabric.
Interlock Knit: A sort of knit that is very smooth and has a good drape. Interlock knit stitches are tighter, extra stretchy than Jersey knit, but much less stretchy than rib knit. Utilized in very advantageous garments.
Jersey Knit: Generally present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It’s mild weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. The Jersey knit was named after the British Island within the English Channel. Superb cotton Jersey refers to Jersey Knit made with wonderful cotton threads such as 30s and 40s.
Knit: Defines how the interlocking loops of yarn that make up fabric had been made. There are many types of knits. Jersey Knit is usually present in t-shirts and is essentially the most durable of knits. It is light weight, and has high-quality vertical ribs. Alternatively, rib knits have heavy ribs running down the fabric, while interlock knits are utilized in very nice fabrics. T-shirt collars are usually rib knit.
Muscle Shirt: Sleeveless model t-shirt, however not precisely a tank top. Fundamental t-shirt, simply with out the sleeves. The shoulder strap portion is much wider than an abnormal tank prime.
Neck Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and appears higher than an uncovered stitch. Often referred to as “shoulder to shoulder taped.”
OekoTek one hundred: Certification from the Worldwide Oeko-Tex® Affiliation, which assures customers that the apparel they purchase is chemical free and poses no threat to their well being. Under the Oeko-Tex standard, clothes have to be free of formaldehyde, arsenic, lead, cadmium, and different toxic chemicals.
Natural Apparel: A term very loosely applied within the garment trade. It will probably mean something from a hundred% natural to as little as 6% natural. Often mixed with phrases like Eco-Pleasant, Inexperienced, and so on. Customers should test the labels and confirm the materials used to see if something is actually organic or not.
Organic Cotton: Cotton grown without the usage of pesticides. Certified natural cotton has been inspected to insure it truly is natural.
Organic Soil Affiliation: Founded in 1946 by a group of farmers, scientists and nutritionists involved about the connection between farming practices and plant, animal, human, and environmental well being. The Organic Soil Affiliation pioneered the primary natural requirements in 1967, and certifies farms and companies that meet these requirements.
Overdyed: A process where beforehand dyed garments or fabrics are dyed with an extra shade to create a unique look.
Performance T: Title for t-shirts manufactured for athletes and outdoor fans. Efficiency Ts are characterized by their breathability, moisture wicking, fast drying, and odor control capabilities. Many efficiency Ts are polyester/cotton blends, or can be one hundred% polyester. Bamboo t-shirts, as a result of their absorbency and wicking properties, have change into known as efficiency t-shirts, though they don’t dry as quick as performance t-shirts manufactured from a hundred% polyester.
PFD: Stands for Ready For Dyeing. Offered this technique to t-shirt customizers who wish to create their own look with dyes.
Pigment Dyed: A sort of dye that creates a washed out, distressed look.
Pima Cotton: A cotton developed in the U.S. within the early 1900s to compete with Egyptian cotton. It features longer fibers and is used typically in high quality males’s and women’s shirts. The name Pima comes from the Pima Indians, who helped with the primary crops of the brand new cotton as it was first grown in the U.S.
Pique: A way of knitting that creates a waffle-kind, fine textured floor. Used often in polo shirts.
Polyester: Man-made fiber manufactured from synthetic polymers. Used broadly in apparel, particularly mixed with cotton in 50/50 blends.
Pre-Shrunk: Refers to the strategy of pre-shrinking fabric before it is lower and sewn. Often it refers to an actual completed garment that has been preshrunk. Clothes that has been preshrunk shrinks less once the buyer washes it. Preshrunk cotton t-shirts will nonetheless shrink a bit, however, especially if dried utilizing a clothes dryer.
Raglan T-Shirt: Fashion of t-shirt featuring sleeves that run directly to the collar. Often the sleeves are a contrasting color from the body. Raglan sleeves are wider under the arms, and are most popular by wearers who need most freedom of movement. Baseball t-shirts usually function a raglan sleeve style.
Rayon: Man-made fiber that makes use of plant cellulose as its primary ingredient. Rayon is very soft, has glorious drape, and is very absorbent. Originally developed as a silk substitute.
Rib Knit: Characterized by heavy vertical ribs running down the fabric. Rib knits are normally labeled as 1×1, 2×1 or 2×2. This lets you recognize the width of the rib compared to the area between. For instance, a 1×1 rib knit or a 2×2 rib knit means the space between every rib is the same width as the ribs. However a 2×1 rib knit means the ribs are twice as wide because the areas in between. Rib knit is very stretchy and is commonly used for t-shirt collars, cuffs, and tank tops.
Ring Spun: Refers to yarn made by twisting and thinning a rope of cotton fibers. The continuous spinning results in a softer feel and stronger yarn. Ring-spun t-shirts are noticeably softer to the touch.
Ringer T: A t-shirt with colored sleeve bands and matching crew neck. Most ringers are white, with the armband sleeves and crew necks in various colours.
Sand Wash: Refers to utilizing sand while washing a garment or fabric to soften and distress it.
Satin Washed: Another time period for silicone washed, which produces a very clean and soft finish to fabric, and in addition provides the fabric good draping properties.
Scoop Neck: Huge, gently curved neckline that varies in depth. Favored in women’s shirts.
Sheer Jersey: Very light weight jersey knit, weighing about three.9 ounces per yard. A bit stretchier than fine jersey.
Shoulder to Shoulder Tape: A skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running throughout the shoulders and neck space. It covers the seam and looks better than an uncovered stitch.
Shrinkage: Often refers to cotton apparel and the quantity it may be anticipated to shrink. Most cotton t-shirts are pre-shrunk, but four-5% shrinkage can nonetheless be anticipated.
Facet Seamed: Refers to shirts with a seam running down at every side beneath the arm sleeves to the underside hem. Aspect seamed t-shirts are dearer to manufacture.
Silicone Washed: Refers to utilizing inert silicone in a washing course of. Produces a very clean and comfortable finish to fabric, and also offers the fabric good draping properties.
Singlet: one other term for a males’s tank top.
Slim Reduce: A mode of t-shirt that is narrower than what one usually finds. For instance, a full minimize men’s t-shirt, size giant, usually runs 22 inches across the chest (measured one inch below the sleeve). A slim cut will run about half an inch to 1 inch narrower, sometimes extra.
Stonewashed: A washing course of that uses lava rocks or sometimes silicon and rubber balls. This technique makes fabric softer and offers it an aged or distressed look. Sometimes bleach is used in this course of.
Tank High: T-Shirt characterized by skinny shoulder straps and no sleeves. The identify came from the early time period for swimming swimming pools: swimming tanks.
Taped Seam: Not actual “tape,” however a skinny strip of fabric sewn over the seam running across the shoulders and neck space of t-shirts. It covers the seam and looks higher than an exposed stitch.
Tubular Model:A mode that has no aspect seams; the body of the t-shirt is round and straight. Tubular t-shirts are less expensive to manufacture, and make up the majority of the cheaper t-shirts.
Unisex T-Shirt: No standard definition exists for a unisex t-shirt, but usually speaking a unisex t-shirt is manufactured from lighter weight, advantageous cotton jersey, side seamed, and never lower as full as a regular men’s t-shirt. The sleeves should not extra short, like cap sleeves, but are usually not full elbow lengths either. The physique length is normally medium/long. Nonetheless, there are huge variations in unisex t-shirts, relying on the manufacturer.
Uzbekistan: Former U.S.S.R. satellite tv for pc that became independent in 1991 and is notorious for its cotton manufacturing strategies, which include compelled little one labor and environmentally destructive practices. Ethical apparel companies boycott Uzbekistan cotton; however, many companies don’t care and have refused to hitch within the boycott because Uzbekistan cotton is low cost.
V -Neck: Inverted triangle model of neckline. May be deep or shallow, relying on the type. Usually favored by women, however a shallow style v-neck is popular among men.
Viscose: Typically one other identify for rayon, as in viscose rayon.
Weight: Usually expressed ounces per sq. yard. A 5.5 ounce weight cotton fabric means that one square yard will weigh 5.5 ounces. Wonderful jersey cotton fabrics often have lighter weights, while coarser cotton fabrics have heavier weights.
Spouse Beater: Derogatory time period for a men’s tank high t-shirt. Normally refers to a primary white tank top.