MS SH 25 At US seventy two, Iuka MS
The whole lot in Mississippi is about race, and apparently roadways are no different.
This white marble monument along US 72 at the intersection of the MS State Freeway 25 and the US seventy two in Iuka reads as follows:
“[seal of the state of MS]
JOHN M. STONE
State of Mississippi
From Wikipedia, the ugly political legacy of Gov. Stone: (go to hyperlink)
“John Marshall Stone (April 30, 1830 – March 26, 1900) was an American politician from Mississippi. A Democrat, he served longer as Governor of that state than anyone else, from 1876 to 1882 and once more from 1890 to 1896. During this latter period, he authorised a brand new constitution in 1890 passed by the Democratic-dominated state legislature that disfranchised most African Americans, excluding them from the political system. They have been stored out for almost 70 years.
Born in Milan, Tennessee, Stone was the son of Asher and Judith Stone, natives of Virginia who were a part of the migration to the west. He didn’t attend faculty since his family was pretty poor, however he studied an important deal and finally taught college. In 1855, he moved to Tishomingo County, Mississippi.
Profession in Mississippi
Stone grew to become a station agent at Iuka when the Memphis and Charleston Railroad opened.
With the outbreak of the American Civil War in 1861, Stone enlisted within the Confederate army that April. He commanded Firm Ok of the Second Mississippi Infantry and noticed action in Virginia. Stone, who had the rank of colonel, in 1862 was positioned in command of one other regiment attributable to a reorganization in 1862. Colonel Stone was highly commended by his division commander Maj. Gen. Henry Heth and in 1864 he steadily commanded the brigade. In January 1865 he went recruiting in Mississippi and then commanded local defense troops countering Stoneman’s Raid. He and his men were captured in North Carolina and held prisoner in Camp Chase, Ohio; later being transferred to Johnson’s Island, Ohio.
At the end of the conflict, Stone returned to Tishomingo County. He was elected mayor and treasurer. In 1869, he gained a race to grow to be state senator, profitable re-election in 1873. State elections have been marked by fraud and violence; the Pink Shirts, a paramilitary group, labored to disrupt and suppress black voting, and turned Republicans out of workplace. After Governor Adelbert Ames resigned in 1876, Stone, who was President Pro Tempore of the Mississippi Senate at the moment, served because the acting governor.
In the 1877 election, Stone gained the Governor’s office in his own proper, as a Democrat; in 1881 he was defeated stone island junior maastricht for re-election by Robert Lowry. Stone became Governor once more after profitable the 1889 election. The gubernatorial time period was extended by way of 1896 by the brand new state constitution of 1890.
Decided to maintain management and maintain white supremacy, the Democratic-dominated legislature successfully disfranchised most African People in the state by adding a requirement to the structure for voter registration for payment of poll taxes. Two years later, they handed legal guidelines requiring literacy tests (administered by white officials in a discriminatory means), and grandfather clauses (the latter benefited white citizens).
These necessities, with additions in legislation of 1892, resulted in a ninety% reduction within the variety of blacks who voted in Mississippi. In every county a handful of prominent black ministers and native leaders were allowed to vote. African Individuals have been primarily excluded from the political system for 70 years, till after passage of federal civil rights legislation in the mid-1960s.
When this structure and legal guidelines survived an enchantment to the US Supreme Court, different southern states shortly adopted the “Mississippi Plan” and passed their very own disfranchising constitutions, via 1908. Voter rolls dropped dramatically in different southern states as properly, and politics was dominated by white Democrats.
Marriage and household
After the warfare, Stone married Mary G. Coman in 1872. The couple had two children who died young. They adopted three kids of John’s brother and raised them as their very own.
Following his time period as governor, in 1899 Stone accepted a position because the 2nd President of Mississippi A&M (now Mississippi State College) in Starkville. Stone died in Holly Springs, Mississippi, in 1900, at the age of 69. He’s buried at Oak Grove Cemetery in Iuka, Mississippi.
Legacy and honors
In 1916 Stone County, Mississippi, was named in his honor posthumously.
Stone Boulevard at Mississippi State is named for him.
The John M. Stone Cotton Mill in Starkville was previously stone island junior maastricht named in his honor, but it was renamed after being bought by Mississippi State College (MSU) in 1962.
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