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Lighthouses On The Isle Of Wight

Lighthouses on the Isle of Wight are main landmarks right here on the island. It is an ideal location for lighthouse fans to go to. Below you will note data concerning the lighthouses on the Isle of Wight.

NEEDLES LIGHTHOUSE
Set within the western approaches to the Isle of Wight, the Needles kind a narrow chalky peninsula which rises from jagged rocks to 120m cliffs. These rocks have always been a hazard to ships making their means up the Solent to Portsmouth and Southampton Water.

In 1781 merchants and shipowners petitioned Trinity Home for a lighthouse. They obtained a patent in January 1782 which directed that lights must be stored burning in the nightseason whereby seafaring males and mariners would possibly take discover and avoid hazard….. and ships and other vessels of battle might safely cruise in the course of the night time season in the British Channel.

Negotiations should have failed as a result of it was not until 1785 that Trinity House erected to the designs of R. Jupp, for 30 years surveyor to the East India Company, three lighthouses at the Needles, St. Catherine’s Point and Hurst Level. The Needles tower was lighted on the 29th September 1786. Because the tower was situated on prime of a cliff overhanging Scratchell’s Bay, the light which was 144m above sea degree was often obscured by sea mists and fog and was due to this fact of restricted use to mariners.

In 1859 Trinity Home planned a new lighthouse to be built on the outermost of the chalk rocks near sea degree. It was designed by James Walker and value £20,000. The circular granite tower has perpendicular sides and is 33.25m excessive, of uniform diameter with an unevenly stepped base to break the waves and discourage sea sweeping up the tower. The wall varies from 1.07m in thickness at the entrance, to zero.61m at the top. A lot of the base rock was cut away to form the inspiration and cellars and storehouses have been excavated within the chalk.

The light on the Needles has two white, two red and one green sector, with one of many pink sectors intensified, these are set out as follows:

• Crimson intensified sector shore to 300 marks the St Anthony Rocks
• White sector 300 to 083 marks the method to the Needles Channel from the west
• Purple sector 083 to 212 marks the Shingles Bank
• White sector 212 to 217 marks the course by way of the Needles Channel
• Green sector 217 to 224 marks a protected channel previous the Hatherwood Rocks and the Warden Ledge

A helipad was constructed on prime of the Needles Lighthouse in 1987.
The Needles Lighthouse was automated in 1994, the keepers left the lighthouse for the final time on 8th December. Needles was the last Trinity House lighthouse powered by 100V DC electricity from it’s own generators; to enable the automation to be carried out mains energy has been provided via a subsea cable from the Needles Battery, which gives 240V AC power for the new gear.

The unique optic with it is preparations of inexperienced and crimson glass giving the completely different coloured sectors of gentle remained after automation however a brand new three position lampchanger was installed with two 1500W 240V predominant lamps and a 24V battery powered emergency lamp.

The supertyphon air pushed fog signal was changed by two Honeywell ELG 500 Hz directional fog alerts controlled by the use of a fog detector. The emitter stacks had been mounted at gallery level outdoors the helideck construction.

The Needles is monitored and controlled by way of a cellphone telemetry hyperlink from the Trinity Home Operations Management Centre at Harwich, Essex.

Established : 1786
Peak Of Tower: 31 Metres
Top Of Light Above Mean High Water: 24 Metres
Automated: 1994
Lamp: 1500W 240V
Optic: 2nd Order 700Mm Fixed Lens
Character: White, Crimson And Green Group Occurring stone island a catania Twice Every 20 Seconds (Light 14 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds, Mild 2 Seconds, Eclipse 2 Seconds)
Depth: Purple (Intensified) 3,950 Candela, White 12,300 Candela, Pink 1,800 Candela, Green 2,680 Candela
Vary Of Mild: Pink (Intensified) 17 Sea Miles, White 17 Sea Miles, Crimson 14 Sea Miles, Inexperienced 14 Sea Miles
Fog Signal Character: Sounding Twice Every 30 Seconds

ST CATHERINE’S LIGHTHOUSE
St Catherine’s Lighthouse is situated at Niton Undercliffe, 5 miles from Ventnor on the Isle of Wight and includes a white octagonal tower with 94 steps up to the lantern. The primary gentle, seen for up to 30 nautical miles in clear weather is the third most highly effective mild in the Trinity House Service giving a information to transport within the Channel as well as vessels approaching the Solent.

There’s a set crimson subsidiary gentle displayed from a window 7 metres under the principle mild and shown westward over the Atherfield Ledge. It’s visible for 17 miles in clear weather, and was first exhibited in 1904. Each lights are electric, and standby battery lights are provided in case of a power failure.

A small mild was first arrange at St. Catherine’s in about 1323 by Walter de Godyton. He erected a chapel and added an endowment for a priest to say Plenty for his household and to exhibit lights at evening to warn ships from approaching too close to this harmful coast, both purposes being fulfilled until about 1530 when the Reformation swept away the endowment. Neither the present lighthouse tower lighted in March 1840, nor the chapel of which the ruins remain, held these ancient lights. The current tower was constructed in 1838 following the lack of the sailing ship CLARENDON on rocks near the location of the current lighthouse. The lighthouse was constructed of ashlar stone with dressed quoins and was carried up from a base plinth as a 3 tier octagon, diminishing by stages. The elevation of the sunshine proved to be too high, as the lantern ceaselessly became mist capped and in 1875 it was decided to decrease the light 13 metres by taking about 6 metres out of the uppermost part of the tower and about 7 metres out of the center tier, which destroyed its beauty and made it appear dwarfed.

At that time the fog signal house was situated near the sting of the cliff but owing to erosion and cliff settlements the building developed such critical cracks that in 1932 it turned crucial to search out a brand new place for the fog signal, which was eventually mounted on a lower tower annexed to the front of the lighthouse tower, and built as a small replica. The resultant effect has been to give a well proportioned step down between the 2 towers which are now expressively referred to by the native inhabitants as “The Cow and the Calf”. The fog signal was discontinued in 1987.

A tragic incident occurred at the station through the Second World Struggle. On the 1st June 1943 a bombing raid destroyed the engine home killing the three keepers on duty who had taken shelter in the constructing. R.T. Grenfell, C. Tomkins and W.E. Jones were buried in the local cemetery at Niton village and a plaque in remembrance of them is displayed on the bottom floor of the primary tower.

St Catherine’s Lighthouse was automated in 1997 with the keepers leaving the lighthouse on 30 July.

The lighthouse had been a weather reporting station for the Meteorological Office for some years;the keepers made hourly stories which included the temperature, humidity, cloud top and formation and wind route and force. Following demanning of the lighthouse an automatic weather reporting station was installed which sends details of the weather conditions to the Met. Workplace.

The lighthouse itself is now monitored and controlled from the Trinity House Operations Management Centre at Harwich in Essex.

Specifications:
Established: 1323
Peak Of Tower: 27 Metres
Peak Of Mild Above Mean Excessive Water: 41 Metres
Automated: 30 July 1997
Lamp: 2 X four hundred W Mbi Lamp
Optic: 2nd Order 4 Panel Catadioptric
Character: One White Flash Each 5 Seconds
Depth: 927,000 Candela
Vary Of Light: 26 Sea Miles

EGYPT Point (This mild is not operational)
Photograph: Steven Winter

Location: Cowes
Tower Top: 25 ft.
Description of Tower: Pink put up with white lantern, on round white base.
Date Established: 1897
Date Current Tower Constructed: 1897
Date Deactivated: 1989

THE NAB TOWER
This curious wanting object a number of miles to the South East of Bembridge began life throughout the primary World Warfare as part of an anti-submarine defence system. During 1916 the British Admiralty, alarmed by the losses of allied merchant transport to German U-boats designed four or six towers that have been to be built and positioned within the Straits of Dover. They can be linked together with steel nets and armed with two four” guns. Nonetheless when the Armistice was signed in 1918 solely one of many deliberate towers was anyplace near completion. The others have been dismantled, however what was to be achieved with this ninety two foot tall metallic cylinder (costing one million pounds sterling, in these days), sitting on its raft of concrete

Until the top of the first World Battle the dangerous Nab Rock had been marked by a lightship, and it was determined to substitute this with a set lighthouse. The new lighthouse was floated into place and the concrete raft (189ft lengthy, by 150ft broad, by 80ft deep) flooded so the tower could sit on a shingle bank near the Nab Rock.

As may be seen from the photograph the tower took up a distinct angle (three degrees from the vertical in direction of the Northeast) when it settled. The lighthouse used to be manned by a crew of four, however in common with all Britain’s lighthouses it’s now unmanned and is fully automated.

During WWII the Nab was armed with two 40mm Bofors Guns and was credited with shooting down 3½ enemy aircraft (the half was shared with a passing ship).

The tower nonetheless provides a welcoming sight to seafarers returning to the Solent at the tip of their voyage. In November 1999 the Nab was hit by a freighter, the Dole-America, carrying a cargo of bananas and pineapples. The ship was badly broken and only avoided sinking by being run-aground. The bottom of the tower suffered solely superficial damage.

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