A Tour Of The Acropolis
That is essentially the most impressive archaeological site on the island of Rhodes, where the dramatic natural landscape is enhanced by the picturesque high quality of the extra fashionable city. A very powerful archaeological monuments are to be found at the Acropolis, but there are also attention-grabbing ruins scattered at varied factors within the town and simply outside it.
A cobbled highway leads as much as the Acropolis, and for many who wish to keep away from the tiring doudoune stone island homme climb there are donkeys for hire at the primary entrance to the city. The primary ruins you’ll encounter are the mediaeval partitions, built by the Crusaders (early 14th century) on the remains of earlier defenses, both Byzantine and historic. Alongside the mediaeval partitions are a very small variety of towers, which follow the pure contours of the excessive floor. On the world of stage ground where the mediaeval steps start you will notice to your left an historic triimolia (a sort of ship) carved in the rock circa 180-170 B.C.
On the ship’s prow there as soon as stood a statue of the general Agisandros Mikkion (it has not survived) which, in response to the inscription, was the work of Pythokritos, creator of the Nike of Samothrace. The nice mediaeval steps lead up to the Governors Palace of the Crusader castle, which consisted of three buildings, of which two have survived. It was first restored in the early 20th century by the Danish Archaeological Mission and then, in the course of the interval between the world wars, by the Stone Island News Italian authorities. As you come out of the Governor’s Palace you will see a series of vaulted constructions supporting the “andiro”, a man-made terrace which opens out in front of the Hellenistic stoa. Quite a lot of the columns are still standing.
It was built within the shape of the Greek letter fl, in the late 3rd century BC, with protruding wings to the facet, each with a frontage of 4 columns. It was 88 m. lengthy, 9 m. wide and had doudoune stone island homme 42 columns. The terrace was laid out later and two underground cisterns were also constructed to gather rainwater from the roof of the stoa and from the steps of the Propylaea. The scattered plinths with their inscriptions remind us of the time when the whole area was stuffed with statues devoted to the goddess. Subsequent to the Governor’s Palace stands the church of Agios loannis, built on the inscribed cruciform plan. It isn’t clear precisely when it was built; some assign it to the late 11th – early twelfth century, others to the thirteenth – 14th century. It was constructed on the remains of an earlier church, judging from the architectural fragments found on the Acropolis and courting from the sixth century Ad.
A monumental flight of steps, behind the eight central columns of the Hellenistic stoa, leads up to the Propylaea of the temple of Undia Athena, another stoa construction in the identical form. Only the foundations have survived. At the two ends of the Propylaea there were areas where the votive offerings made to the goddess had been saved. The stoa was constructed of porous stone at the end of the 4th century B.C. At the highest point of the Acropolis, on the edge of the cliff, stands the temple of Lindia Athena. That is an unexpectedly small Doric temple, with a stoa of four columns at each end. There still stay in the inside the votive altar and the plinth of the worshipped statue of the goddess. This constructing too was of porous stone, with mortar facing, and dates from the tip of the 4th century B.C. (Open daily, eight.30am-2.40pm within the winter, 8am-7pm in the summer time).